“The latest Nigger Mountain” Exodus and you may Conflict Told by Local Historian” (Undated newsprint article; possess a keen Editor’s Mention- “So it report try see by George Pence in advance of a shared appointment of your Bartholomew State Historic Community and also the Home Literary Bar kept in the honor at the Donner Park, July 31 1927.”)
“Early Facts out of African People in america inside the Bartholomew County, Indiana.” [Some of these material copied to possess Bartholomew State EAASHI endeavor records, June 2014]
Robbins, Coy D. “Black Agreements within the Indiana Connected to new African Methodist Episcopal Chapel 1840-1845,” as the authored about African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Mag, George Hogarth, ed. (Collected from Minutes, Indiana Annual Appointment, African Methodist Chapel, 1840-1845.)
They boasted of obtaining the utmost effective and vastly rich prairie house (VanNatta). According to the very early censuses, there had been zero African Americans residing in Benton County regarding 1840 through 1870. In 1880, there were six individuals, all of the unmarried folks from Kentucky, Indiana and you may Illinois, whose surnames have been Corington, Curtes, Shelby and you can Grain. It spent some time working once the ranch laborers, housekeepers and you will barbers. Audrey Werle’s research on the African People in the us considering zero data having Benton Condition, and there is zero proof of a rural payment otherwise neighborhood away from African Us citizens.
Audrey C. Werle “Browse Cards on Indiana Ebony Background,” Meters 792, William Henry Smith Art gallery Collection, Indiana Historical Area, Indianapolis, Indiana
The 19th century Ebony society into the Blackford Condition try restricted. In the 1840 new federal census expressed a total of 13 free folks of color remaining in the new county distributed as follows: Arizona Township, population dos; Licking Township sexy Tallahassee, FL girls, populace step one; and Harrison Township, populace 10. The ten anyone from inside the Harrison Township lived-in just one domestic went by Jefferson Hill. The family provided 2 men around 10; 3 males 10 in order to 23; step one men thirty-six-52; dos female 10 so you can 23; 1 feminine 24 so you can thirty five; and step one women 55 to 99.
For the 1850 all round black populace on condition fell to help you 11 that have 7 anyone remaining in Licking Township and you can four anyone residing in Harrison Township. The Jefferson Hill family was went out of Blackford State. It could come they relocated east across the state range to neighboring Jay State, Penn Township. From the 1850 Jefferson Slope, a great Virginia native is actually a great 56-year-old farmer. All of those other household provided Delilah Hill, decades 40, created from inside the Kansas, around three Mountain children produced inside the Indiana (Henderson, many years nine; Eliza, many years six; and Lydia, ages step three). The other people in the family was Sally Hill, many years 24, produced into the Virginia; James Mountain, age 19, born in the Kansas; and you may Sibba Mountain, years 83, produced inside the Virginia.
Jefferson Slope was still agriculture, and you may Sibby (Sibba) Mountain was still alive from the 102! This was from the a great twenty-seasons ages differences in the past census.
Inside the 1870 you can find a total of 14 African People in america when you look at the Blackford County all the residing in Slurping Township. Audrey Werle’s 1870 Directory off Brains off Properties directories another names: Larenzo Brooks, a 34 year old barber; Green Rodgers, 34; and James Elizabeth. Frazier, 36, aforementioned several which work on the fresh new railroad.
When you look at the 1860 the brand new Slope nearest and dearest was still surviving in Penn Township, Jay Condition, into the a fairly more setup
Regarding future ages, there’s evidence of racial separation regarding the condition. Basic, from the 1920s the fresh Ku klux Klan created a powerful exposure on county. Disguised and you can robed participants took part in large societal rallies. Second, through to the newest 1940 loss of this new well respected exec and you can head engineer at the good corrugated paper providers, George Stevens, people off Hartford City were “numb which have wonder” to discover that the latest respected person in the area was not light.