Jay County had their display of racial bias

Liber School during the Wayne Township is actually illustrative of desires out-of equality

not, it could check, one to particular stored so much more tolerant beliefs compared to nearby Wells and you will Blackford Counties. Abolitionists including John P. Shanks have been an effective determine as there are considerable proof Underground Railroad interest particularly in Penn Township. Liber try created during the 1853 from the a great Presbyterian missionary. Whenever George Lowe (aka George Huntsman), a dark colored, is proposed as the students, some stockholders objected and you will withdrew the assistance with the school. Farmers’ Academy are founded because the a great segregated establishment in the College Spot, only a primary distance subsequently regarding Liber College or university.


McBride, Michael. “University Over, But Background Still Good.” Muncie [Indiana] Star Press, n.d.. (IHS clippings document) Montgomery, Meters.W. Reputation for Jay State. 1864. Reprint, Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1969.

You.S. Agency of Census. “Aggregate Level of Each Breakdown regarding Individuals within Region from Indiana,” 1: 352. Sixth Census of your United states, 1840. Washington, D.C.: You.S. Census Workplace, 1841.

You.S. Agency of one’s Census. “Inhabitants out-of Civil Departments Less than Areas; Table III-Condition from Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of your own All of us, 1870. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Bodies Printing Workplace, 1872.

Jefferson County is actually shaped in the 1811, and submitted early payment by African Us citizens, many prior to statehood. According to the You.S. Federal Census, into the 1820 there have been a maximum of 112 totally free folks of colour. The fresh new black colored people went on to increase-240 for the 1830, 429 into the 1840, 568 within the 1850, 512 inside the 1860 (a small drop off) and you may a sharp raise regarding 1105 for the 1870. That early citizen of Jefferson State are William Hood. Into the 1818, Hood removed a pension to own their Innovative War Services. Because the good 16 –12 months –old slave for the 1769, he previously hightail it out-of their manager. By 1800 he was for the Rockingham, North carolina. He paid for the Jefferson State, Indiana, a while prior to his relationship so you’re able to Kitty Debois to the August nine, 1812. Bonnet died inside the 1829; their descendants was found in Jefferson and you may Jennings areas because of the 1830. Some of the very early surnames placed in Coy D. Robbins’ Black colored Leaders into the Indiana 1830, boasts Bolin, Evans, Grey, Griffin, Jackson and Stafford. In the 1850, there are 46 black landowners whose a property are together valued in the $thirty five,480. (Heller)

One of several earliest rural settlements Chattanooga, TN in USA brides in the Jefferson County discovered regarding 2–step three kilometers north out-of Hanover was Graysville. Whenever an English tourist Edward S. Abdy toured Madison, Indiana for the 1834, the guy fulfilled John and you may Melinda Cosby (Crosby). Melinda told Abdy that they had arrive at the room regarding the 1821, once living along side lake in Kentucky- for the anxiety about kidnapers, have been taking college students off free anyone and you may attempting to sell all of them off southern area. Abdy describes the fresh settlers because the originating from Virginia and you can Kentucky. Specific had been liberated submissives, other people got purchased the independence and the other people was indeed to begin with freeman. There were all in all, 11 parents, which have a people of 129. John Cosby had one or two farms including 137 acres. Graysville and had a dynamic church, college, and many cemeteries.

A unique recognized outlying settlement is actually situated in Hailies of Kentucky is actually a couple of surnames with the this community. Matthew Hume’s tale are informed regarding the WPA interviews off former slaves located in Indiana. Hume is born a servant inside the Kentucky; it had been regarding the a year adopting the Emancipation Proclamation prior to he know he had been free. Into January 1, 1865, the guy entered the Kansas Lake during the Madison. Hume and his nearest and dearest turned productive members of the latest Hanover African Methodist Episcopal Church and donated possessions into design away from a the latest school that has been completed in 1871. Recommendations concerning earliest proof of a keen AME Chapel in the Hanover is during 1842, extracted from Minutes, Indiana Yearly Conference, African Methodist Episcopal Chapel 1840-1845, since penned regarding the African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Magazine, George Hogarth, publisher. The latest church remains effective now. There are several cemeteries associated with it settlement.

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